169. John Leonard6 Hedrick (John Adam7, Johann Adam8, Lt. Col. Johann Peter9, Johan Adam10 Heydrichs, Gödtman11 Heyderich) was born in Rowan County, NC 8 Jun., 1804.(437) John died 25 Oct., 1899 in Rowan County, NC, at 95 years of age.(438) His body was interred Oct., 1899 in Davidson County, NC.(439)

He married twice. He married Elizabeth Sherwood 2 Mar., 1826 in Davidson County, NC. Elizabeth was born 11 Mar 1805. Elizabeth was the daughter of Benjamin Sherwood and ? ?. Elizabeth died 21 Mar 1841 at 36 years of age. Her body was interred March 1841 in Davidson County, NC.(440) He married Elizabeth Burns 1852. No children. Elizabeth was the daughter of ? Burns and ? ?.

Elizabeth died 1881. Her body was interred in Rowan County, NC.(441) Lived in Rowan County, NC. Lived in Lexington, NC

John Leonard Hedrick and Elizabeth Sherwood had the following children:

child 170 i. Benjamin Sherwood5 Hedrick(442) was born in Salisbury, Rowan County, NC 13 Feb., 1827. He married Mary Ellen Thompson 3 Jun., 1852 in Orange County, NC. Mary was born on an estimated date of 1827.

An unknown person was employed. The following is taken from a more lengthy pamphlet published by the NC Historical Society of the University of NC in 1911. It was prepared by the co-editor at the time, Mr. J. G. de Roulhac Hamilton. The pamphlet is available in many NC libraries. - One of the greatest evils of the system of American slavery was the denial in the South of freedom of speech and of opinion in regard to it. As the question entered politics the evil became intensified until it was almost unbearable ... With the growth of hostile abolition sentiment in the North and the consequent attacks upon the South, the expression of sentiments inimical to slavery became of rare occurrence, and NC, like the other Southern States, soon reached the point of refusing to tolerate any utterance of anti-slavery opinion. After 1850, however, it is apparent that opposition was growing. In the main it sprang from the small farmer and working man who saw in slavery a bar to progress for himself and his children ... One of the most interesting chapters in this unorganized anti-slavery movement is to be found in the case of Benjamin Sherwood Hedrick, Professor of Chemistry in the University of NC. Mr. Hedrick was born near Salisbury, in what is now Davidson County, NC, but was than a part of Rowan County, on 13 Feb., 1827. He was of German stock, his great-grandfather, Capt. Peter Hedrick, having come to the State in the German migration from PA. His father, John Leonard Hedrick, was a farmer and builder who by energy and thrift had reached a position of prosperity and comfort. His mother was Elizabeth Sherwood. His grandfather was Jacob Hedrick. After going to school for some years in the neighborhood of his home, Hedrick went to Lexington, NC, where he attended a school taught by Rev. Jesse Rankin. Here he became much interested in his work and formed the determination to go to college. Entering the sophomore class of the University of NC in 1848, he graduated in 1851 with first honors. He took an especially high stand in Mathematical studies and was recommended by President Swaim to ex-governor William A. Graham, then Secretary of the Navy, who appointed him to a clerkship in the office of Nautical Almanac. He was stationed at Cambridge, Mass., and took advantage of this opportunity to take advanced work in chemistry and mathematics ... In 1852 ... President Swaim, of the Univ. of NC, wrote him that he was being considered for a new chair at the University. The department was Chemistry applied to Agriculture and the Arts ... (He assumed this position about a year later). Mr. Hedrick was brought up in a family and community in which anti-slavery feeling was common, and his life in the North had tended to strengthen his belief that slavery was evil. But at first he took no part in the constant discussion of the subject, and devoted himself with great success to building up a strong department. The campaign of 1856 was one of intense excitement in NC and feeling ran high. In politics, Mr. Hedrick had always been a Democrat, and in the State elections in Aug. he voted that ticket. Rumors, however, of his inclination toward the new and hated "black" Republican party (anti-slavery) went abroad. (Articles appeared in the NC Standard making bitter attacks on the feelings and opinions of a certain University professor. It contained such statements as "The expression of black Republican opinions in our midst is incompatible with our honor and safety as a people ... That man is neither a fit nor a safe instructor of our young men, who even inclines to Fremont and black Republicanism.) It was plainly directed at Mr. Hedrick, and he was of a spirit that could not endure to be attacked without making any reply. He considered the matter carefully and, although urged to let the matter stand, became convinced that he should answer the communication. He accordingly sent his "Defense" to the Standard ... (This "Defense", too lengthy to be related here, is a forthright and brilliant statement of his views. He pointed out that Washington, Jefferson, Patrick Henry, Madison, Randolph and Clay had all opposed slavery. He declared that the system imposed an evil influence on both the whites and the blacks. Indeed, the wrong of slavery was not so much to the slave, but to the non-slave-holder, - to labor generally; it was a blight on the economic and social progress of his beloved land ... The "defense" and many other related letters and articles may be found in the NC Pamphlet.) The "Defense" caused such excitement that a meeting of the Executive Committee of the Board of Trustees was called at once to consider the case ... (This was followed by a meeting of the Faulty of the University to discuss the matter. Acts and proceedings of both are available in full, as in correspondence with Governor Thomas Bragg, and many articles that appeared in newspapers.) The students of the University were much aroused and, in spite of the popularity which Mr. Hedrick had enjoyed, made constant demonstrations against him. If no action had been taken elsewhere, it s scarcely to be doubted that they would have forced his resignation, so throughly were they excited. (Yielding to pressure from many sources, and after special meetings and much correspondence, the Executive Committee took action to dismiss Benjamin Sherwood Hedrick from the faculty of the University. The action was later approved by the full Board of Trustees.) Mr. Hedrick bore no malice against his colleagues and seems to have realized that even the Trustees could scarcely have avoided this action. Nor was his devotion to his native State altered. Remaining in the North for a few months, he returned to the State early in 1857 for a short stay. He then went to New York City where he obtained a clerkship in the Mayor's office. He also employed himself with lecturing and teaching. In 1861 he became an examiner in the Patent Office (of the US), as chief of the division of chemistry, metallurgy, and electricity. Later he was general chemical examiner. Here he was successful in instituting a number of needed reforms. In 1865 Mr. Hedrick was very close to President Johnson and was active in attempting to secure the speedy restoration of NC to the Union. He believed that negro suffrage would be demanded by the North and was very anxious that the State should accept it as gracefully and speedily as possible ... He was a close friend of Governor Jonathan Worth and his activity in behalf of the State during Worth's administration was unceasing as is shown by their correspondence. The foregoing incident shows very plainly the effect of slavery upon free thousand and free speech. Mr. Hedrick was a martyr for opinion's sake, though without any desire to occupy that position. Under existing circumstances, it was inevitable that his dismissal should take place, and, accepting conditions, the Trustees could scarcely be blamed for terminating his connection with the University. Dr. Charles Phillips, a great friend of Mr. Hedrick said, "I take it as an axiom that when we wish to work for the people for the people's good, we are bound to consider their characteristics and not arouse their prejudices unnecessarily, else they won't let us work for them." Time has proved that Mr. Hedrick's view of slavery was correct and it is a cause of congratulation that its abolition put an end to the possibility of such persecution for opinion's sake, and has enabled the State and the University to recognize the worth and merit of a worthy son.

child 171 ii. Adam S. Hedrick was born 7 Apr., 1829.(443) Adam died 15 Jul., 1905 at 76 years of age.(444) His body was interred Jul., 1905 in Davidson County, NC.(445) He married Ellen M. Ford est. 1852. Ellen was born 1831. Ellen was the daughter of Daniel Ford and ? ?. Ellen died 19 Nov 1905 at 74 years of age.(446) Her body was interred November 1905 in Davidson County, NC.(447)

child + 102 iii. Elizabeth Sherwood Hedrick was born 2 Feb., 1831.

child 172 iv. ? Hedrick(448) was born on an estimated date of 1833.

child 173 v. John A. Hedrick was born on an estimated date of 1835.

child 174 vi. ? Hedrick(449) was born on an estimated date of 1837.

child 175 vii. ? Hedrick(450) was born on an estimated date of 1839.

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